Analysis of the barriers to entry of China's printed circuit board industry in 2012
(1) Funding barriers
The financial barriers in the printed circuit board industry are mainly reflected in the investment in production lines and related equipment. It
Industry entry barrier
(1) Funding barriers
The financial barriers in the printed circuit board industry are mainly reflected in the investment in production lines and related equipment. It takes at least several hundred million yuan to build a multi-layer production line with an annual production capacity of more than one million square meters. Therefore, the amount of investment in the printed circuit board industry is relatively large, and manufacturers must have certain financial strength.
(2) Technical barriers
Printed circuit boards are a complex industry segment. Although different printed circuit boards have some common basic processes, more importantly, they are printed according to the thickness and material of the substrate, the required line width and line spacing, and accuracy. The structure, production scale, installation process and other special requirements specified by the customer, combined with the characteristic process of the production enterprise, determine different production processes and equipment. For the above reasons, the production equipment and processing technology of the printed circuit board with low technical content are relatively simple, and the barriers to entry are relatively low; but for the medium and high-end printed circuit boards with high technical stability requirements, the production enterprises must have more advanced production equipment. Proficiency in related processes and high technical level.
China Business Intelligence Network "2012-2016 China Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Industry Forecast and Investment Analysis Report"
(3) Environmental protection barriers
All countries in the world are paying more and more attention to environmental protection in the production and retirement of electronic products. Following the EU Directive on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS), the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE), the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) Directive, The Chinese government has also issued the "Measures for the Prevention and Control of Pollution Prevention of Electronic Information Products" (China RoHS), and announced that it will uphold the scientific concept of development, with "energy conservation, emission reduction, consumption reduction, and efficiency improvement" as the primary goal of development. Find out the basic situation of China's pollution sources. For printed circuit board manufacturers, the improvement of environmental protection requirements such as water consumption and water reuse ratio will increase the operating cost of the enterprise and constitute a new test for the financial strength and technical capabilities of the enterprise.
(4) Customer recognition barriers
Printed circuit boards are the basic accessories for electronic products, and their quality is directly related to the function and life of electronic products. Therefore, downstream customers of printed circuit boards, especially high-quality large customers, have higher requirements for the quality of printed circuit boards. High-quality printed circuit board customers generally tend to cooperate with large-scale printed circuit board manufacturers, and their inspection cycle for printed circuit board suppliers is about 1-2 years. Once a long-term stable cooperative relationship is formed, suppliers will not be easily changed. Higher customer recognition barriers.
Circuit board industry: a few happy families